Thursday, December 7, 2023 1:28:24 AM - Markets open
VN-INDEX 1,126.43 +10.46/+0.94%
HNX-INDEX 233.63 +2.29/+0.99%
UPCOM-INDEX 86.31 +0.29/+0.34%
Economic institution reform key to breaking through middle-income trap: experts
Vietnamnews - 3/6/2023 10:51:57 AM
 (0 ratings. You must sign in to rate.)
 As Việt Nam is about to join the group of upper-middle-income countries and pursuing the goal of becoming a developed and high-income country by 2045, the continuous renovation of economic institutions becomes more urgent than ever, said experts at a political dialogue workshop in Hà Nội.
Economists said only 13 out of 101 middle-income countries in the 60s managed to break through the middle-income trap by the end of 2008, demonstrating the challenging nature of sustainable economic growth.
Phạm Hồng Chương, head of the National Economics University (NEU), said the implementation of a market economy had played a vital part in transforming the country, from a poor country with an average income per capita of US$200 in the early 90s, into one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.
He said, however, there were still many shortcomings and limitations, made evident with numerous interventions by the Government in the running of the economy, including regulations to control the prices of fuel, electricity, air tickets and medicine.
In many instances, overbearing control from the Government can and did result in market dysfunctions such as last year's nationwide fuel shortage.
Government control at least has played a significant role in major State enterprises such as Vietnam Electricity (EVN) and Vietnam Airlines suffering continuous financial losses; and in such case as public hospitals which are constantly overwhelmed, underfunded and underequipped.
Chương also pointed to a number of shortcomings in the operation of the Vietnamese market economy currently, including problems in intellectual property protection and the overlapping of legal documents.
Participation by individuals in modern financial markets, including forex, gold, and derivatives, has been limited. The process to equitise State-owned enterprises has been sluggish due to either lacking legal frameworks or overly complicated regulations, hindering the business community.
"A prime example is the property market with currently hundreds of projects with legal complications that have not been addressed for years," Chương said.
Economists have long called for another major reformation of the country's economic institution, which can provide the economy with a much-needed boost to reach its high-income status target in 2045.
"We have seen what it can deliver success in the last 30 years. Now we must stay on this path to modernise the economy and further integrate into the global economy," Chương said.
He said the key to long-term economic prosperity often lay in institutional economic reform.
He said the Government had seen some success in the last decade in stabilising the macro economy, improving the investment-business environment and international trade. The next step is identifying and addressing major bottlenecks to help maintain and promote confidence among foreign and domestic investors, an essential task against global economic uncertainties.
Fred McMahon from the Fraser Institute, a Canadian economic think tank, said Việt Nam is in a prime position to play catch-up with developed economies since the cost to implement reform is much lower for the Southeast Asian country.
Economic freedom, said McMahon, is what separates countries that can break out of the middle-income trap and those that fail.
Đinh Tuấn Minh, director of the Market-based Solutions Centre for Social and Economic Issues (MASSEI), held that Việt Nam is becoming closer to the group of upper-middle-income countries in terms of component indexes such as government scale, legal system and ownership, and credit, labour and business management. However, the country has a long way to go in other indexes such as good currency and international trade.
Tuấn gave a number of suggestions in economic institution reform based on the global economic facilitation criteria.
He said that it is necessary to review non-tariff barriers towards clearance, transparency and stability, while staying persistent in administrative reform in customs, and continuing to review regulations on capital control in compulsory procedures.
According to a World Bank report, the Southeast Asian economy reported an income per capita of US$3,590 in 2021 as a lower-middle income country. The Government has set a target to become an upper-middle-income with GNI per capita between $4,046 and $12,535 by the end of 2030. — VNS
Read original article here
Newer News
06/12 Enhancing competitiveness vital for VN to climb up global value chain
06/12 Vietnamese firms should be cautious to avoid fraud in international trade
05/12 Việt Nam-China promote logistics in economic corridor cooperation
05/12 Coastal economic zones need breakthrough policies to attract investment
04/12 Hà Nội’s CPI rises 4.72% in 11 months
04/12 Việt Nam's industrial production surges in 11 months
04/12 Retailers anticipate business to pick up in year-end shopping season
01/12 Capital city's GRDP forecast to expand by 6.11% in 2023
01/12 Agro-forestry-aquatic trade surplus up nearly 34% in 11 months
30/11 Foreign investment flows into Việt Nam go up 14.8 per cent in 11 months
Older News
06/03 Ministry of Industry and Trade calls for stable supply of coal
03/03 HCM City foreign investment surges by 43.1 per cent in first 2 months
01/03 February’s CPI up 0.45 per cent due to fuel and housing price hike
01/03 Fuel price in check despite mounting difficulties: Minister of Industry and Trade
25/02 Domestic airlines doing well but challenges ahead
23/02 Ministry calls on three energy giants to ensure national supply
16/02 Ministry of Transport calls for stronger oversight on construction projects
16/02 Rubber stocks to benefit from China re-opening
14/02 Wood industry associations enhance ties to boost furniture exports
14/02 Việt Nam urged to ensure exports to Asian, African markets in 2023
Newsletter Signup
Top Stories
Hà Nội’s CPI rises 4.72% in 11 months
Gov’t to tighten oversight of banking, securities following recent scandals
Banks increase capital through paying dividends in shares
VN-Index loses nearly 11 per cent in October
Market's recovery momentum remains, but facing supply pressure
Market Update
Last updated at 3:05:01 PM
VN-INDEX 1,126.43 +10.46/+0.94%
Real-time chart
Top 5 Actives
Top 5 Gainers
Top 5 Losers
My Favorite Quotes
Your most recently viewed tickers will automatically show up here if you type a ticker in the Get Quotes box on the top of the page.
Company Research
Type in the symbol above for thorough background information, key statistics and financial information.
Stock Sectors
We continuously improve our services, here are the latest updates...
Allow you to monitor a customised group of securities. You can set up multiple Portfolios to help you better manage your investments.
Trigger Alerts
Get up-to-date alerts delivered directly to your email address.
Stock Screener
Allow you to filter the market and find exactly what sort of company you are looking for.
Live Terminal
Get instant access to FREE REAL-TIME streaming quotes for hundreds of stocks from HOSE, HNX and UPCOM exchanges.